Green Papaya Health Benefits

The powerful fruit Green Papaya has essential nutrients and enzymes to promote digestive health. 

Unripe Green Papaya contains papain and chymopapain: two of the most powerful plant proteolytic enzymes.

The proteolytic enzymes are also called protease, proteinase, or peptidase (1Trusted Source).

Unripe papayas are green on the outside, not pulpy, and the inside of the green fruit is sometimes white color.  

Compared to ripe papayas, green papayas are not that popular because they are not as sweet and are difficult to eat raw.

They need to be incorporated into a recipe with other ingredients to satisfy the taste. 

Alternatively, you can cook or juice them.

To help to get all the benefits and consume easily of unripe green papaya was created a Green Papaya Powder and Capsules.

You can sprinkle the powder on salad, morning tea or coffee, and your favorite smoothie.

The options are limitless.

Digestion and Papaya Enzymes

With a low-quality meat diet, processed foods full of additives, we put significant strain on our digestive system and enzyme-producing pancreas. 

Rushed meals, extra-large serving sizes, low digestive enzymes, stomach acid production, and poorly functioning digestive systems contribute to partially digestion and constipation. 

The undigested food putrefies, causing bacteria, and the smelly gas is the least of the potential health problems. 

Proper chewing is essential to break up food, which assists carbohydrate digestion, but proteolytic enzymes in unripe papaya can help to get a head start on protein.

What Does Papain Do for You?

The proteolytic enzymes are, in fact, protein-digesting.

Comparable to the pepsin enzyme, papain is one of the most effective at breaking down meat and other proteins, that we produce in our pancreas.

In scientific cell isolation procedures, papain is often preferred to pepsin considered a more active enzyme.

Papain extracted from the raw fruit of the papaya plant help break proteins down into smaller protein fragments called peptides and amino acids.

The papain is a popular ingredient in meat tenderizer because of this reason.

The simple way to assimilate papain is to eat raw papaya. An excellent alternative is that papain is also available in topical, chewable, powder, and capsule forms. 

You can purchase papain-only supplements or supplements that pair papain with other enzymes.

Papain is a digestive improver but also a popular remedy to reduce pain, inflammation, swelling, infections, diarrhea, and allergies. 

It is also studied for potential use in cancer and other diseases.

Papain enzyme works by cleaving the peptide bonds of complex proteins, breaking them down into their amino acids, ready for use in growing and repairing your body.

Adding papaya enzymes into your diet can significantly speed up your digestion. 

It can also help break down gluten from wheat and casein from milk, which is often the cause of digestive problems.

Papain and other enzymes found in papaya may help clear undigested protein-based debris and waste products from your system. 

Besides helping to clear bloating and flatulence issues, proteolytic enzymes may help prevent fungal candida overgrowth in the gastrointestinal tract and irritable bowel syndrome.

Why Green Papaya is Better for Digestion?

Green papaya fruit contains significantly more papaya enzyme than those that are fully ripe. But green papaya is not as delicious for everyone.

A convenient and effective alternative to eating papaya that is still green is green papaya supplements

Papain-rich green papaya capsules can be taken with a protein-rich meal and are an easy way to improve your digestion and avoid intestinal problems. 

The protein-digesting enzymes from papaya fruit are generally recognized as safe and well-tolerated when used internally. 

They are highly effective, can be taken with a meal to improve digestive function or as disease combating on an empty stomach.

Despite the many benefits, there are a few precautions of the papaya enzyme and some potential side effects of the papain that they need to be aware of, which will be covered below.

The green fruit of papaya has the same nutrients as the ripe fruit but without carotene.

Among other commercialized fruits, such as apple, banana, watermelon, and orange, papaya has the highest concentrations of:

Macronutrients and fibers nutritional value of the pulp of ripe/raw fruit(Carica papaya L.) /100g are (2Trusted Source)

Component                         Pulp

Protein                                 0.6 g

Lipids                                    0.1g

Carbohydrates                    7.2g

Fiber                                      0.8g

Energy                                  32.1kcal

Minerals and vitamins value of Carica papaya L. (papaya)/100 g of ripe/raw fruit pulp are  (2Trusted Source)

Component                             Pulp

Sodium                                   3mg

Potassium                              257mg

Phosphorous                         5mg

Magnesium                           10mg

Iron                                         0.1mg

Calcium                                  24mg

Vitamin C                               61.8mg

Vitamin B9 (Folate)               38mg

Vitamin B6                             0.1mg

Vitamin B3 (Niacin)             0.34mg 

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)        0.05mg

Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)           0.04mg

Vitamin A                               328mg

The methanolic extract of unripe papaya fruits seems to exert antioxidant activity in vivo, for the presence of compounds, such as quercetin and β−sitosterol. (3Trusted Source)

The amount of potassium found in unripe green papaya fruit seems to be higher than the ripe one, which makes the fruit a reliever from stroke, high blood pressure, heart and kidney disorders, anxiety, and stress. 

It helps enhance muscle strength, metabolism, water balance, electrolytic functions, and the nervous system.

Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) increases as the fruit grows to full maturity and decays after it ripens.

Main phytochemical compounds present in C. papaya L. (papaya): ripe/raw fruit pulp are (2Trusted Source)

Glutathione peroxidase

Glutathione transferase

Glutathione reductase



Total phenols





These enzymes of unripe green papaya are effective at breaking down proteins, fats, and carbs as well as supporting healthy digestion.

The enzyme papain found in the green papaya can digest protein in any pH stomach environment- alkaline, acid, or neutral pH, and is superior to the pepsin produced by our stomachs.

Papain also converts proteins into essential amino acids, which cannot be produced by the body, such as arginine.

The enzymes found in raw papaya are also helpful in digesting carbohydrates and fats. In this way, green papaya becomes the most beneficial for people with low stomach acid output or enzyme deficiencies.

The two enzymes work together to possibly by soothing the digestive system and also may aid those with ulcers.

Green Papaya is useful for most gastrointestinal ailments. It relieves indigestion and supports the defense of colonic body cells.

Since enzyme levels decline as the fruit ripens, unripe green papaya retains all of its natural enzymatic qualities, helping digestive health.

Green, unripe papaya seems to be useful in regulating menstrual flow as it helps contract muscle fibers in the uterus. 

Green Papaya Powder from Herbal Papaya comes from mature unripened papaya naturally cultivated without the use of chemicals or pesticides (USDA Organic, GMO-Free, Fair-Trade, Kosher-Certified and 100% manufactured in FDA inspected and approved facilities in the U.S.A)

If the ripe papaya is eaten raw, unripe papaya should always chock before eating due to the high amount of latex, which can stimulate contractions. (4Trusted Source).

Raw Papaya can also help:

Healthy immune system response

Support a healthy urinary tract

Support skin health

Healthy inflammation response

Detoxification response

Healthy energy levels

Reduce travel & motion sickness when combined with ginger

Supports the body's ability to heal burns, sores, & wounds when used topically

Raw papaya as a potential source for diabetic and diabetic-wound healing (5Trusted Source)

Have you ever tried unripe green papaya? What are the side effects of papaya enzymes?  

When taking papaya in large doses, it may have several side effects, so it is best to avoid eating papayas in large quantities to prevent health issues. 


1. Skin

The unripe papaya contains latex fluid, which may burn the skin or even cause an allergic reaction in some individuals. 

It can cause severe cases of itchingswelling, and redness.

2. Pregnancy and breast-feeding

The fruit may cause uterine contractions, so pregnant women should avoid it till after they give birth.

The papain components may damage specific membranes that essential for fetal development.

Most of the health experts advise pregnant women to avoid eating papaya.

3. Digestive issues

Papaya has high amounts of fiber content, and excessive consumption of it could lead to an upset stomach. 

The skin of the papaya fruit contains latex that can irritate the stomach causing pain and discomfort. 

The fiber in the fruit can cause diarrhea, leading to dehydration.

4. May not go well with medications

According to the US National Library of Medicine, papaya may have adverse effects on some medications such as Amiodarone (Cordarone, Nexterone, Pacerone),

Levothyroxine (Synthroid, Levothroid, Levoxyl, and others), 

Medications for diabetes (Antidiabetes drugs), Warfarin (Coumadin).

5. Diabetes, people who already have low blood sugar, hypothyroidism, latex allergy, papain allergy, or underwent surgery, is also recommended avoiding papaya.(6Trusted Source)

Final Thoughts

Papaya has many health properties, and green raw papaya also is used in Ayurvedic treatments.

It is recommended papaya to balance Vata and Pitta doshas. Green papaya is used for pancreatic infections, gastrointestinal problems, intestinal worms, and liver ailments.

As an incredibly healthy tropical fruit papaya is full of antioxidants that can reduce inflammation, fight disease, and help keep you looking young.

Papayas contain healthy antioxidants known as carotenoids (β-carotene) and lycopene. 

The body seems to absorbs these beneficial antioxidants better from papayas than from tomato or carrot (7Trusted Source).

Nowadays, research suggests that the antioxidants in papaya may reduce cancer risk and perhaps even slow cancer progression.

High vitamin C and lycopene content found in papaya also can improve heart health and may reduce the risk of heart disease.

It may defend against the visible signs of aging, helping your skin to remain smooth and youthful.

With its antioxidants, diuretic in nature and rich in fiber with minimum calories, green papaya can also help you lose weight

Green Papaya burns fats and helps in detoxification. 

Papaya, with its unique taste, is loved by many people. 

It can be eaten alone or in combination with other foods.

Anyway, ripeness may be vital.

Unripe papaya can taste very different from a perfectly ripe one and may be not so pleasant taste for everyone.

In this case, the alternative to take full charge from green papaya are supplements that you can find online.

Try adding these healthy, delicious fruit supplements to your diet and see the difference .